12.4.3 Specifying configuration information

HII functionality makes it easier to publish configuration information to a database. With HII functionality, the driver writer specifies the form layout for configuration information. The form layout points to static strings, as well as to data that is configurable by the user. The driver writer also defines the data structure of configurable data stored in NVRAM.
The strings are defined in a Unicode file (files with a .uni extension). During the driver's init section, the driver publishes the list of strings (such as language strings) and forms to the HII database with the HII handler. The driver also publishes its configuration routing protocols. The actual data structure of strings and forms is created as part of the build process.
The build tools take the .Uni file and the .Vfr file and produce a data structure. That data structure is stored in the HII database. Configurable data is stored in NVRAM.
When the HII engine is invoked, it runs the forms, pulls the strings it needs from the string database, and pulls the configurable settings it needs from NVRAM. Using forms

Prior to HII, there was no standardized way to create forms. Instead, forms were created manually, and were manually output to the console. HII provides a standard way to create forms, making it easier to display information. Because HII functionality is standardized via forms, the driver no longer needs to manage the way users enter data, or worry about parsing the data. The HII engine parses the data to make sure it is appropriate for the defined field. See the discussion earlier in this section entitled "General Steps for Implementing HII Functionality."
To create forms, a UEFI Driver with HII functionality should use the VFR programming language and IFR defined in the Human Interface Infrastructure Overview chapter of the UEFI Specification. Refer to the VFR Programming Language for information about creating forms. The MdeModulePkg also contains a sample driver in the paths MdeModulePkg/Universal/DriverSampleDxe and MdeModulePkg/Universal/HiiResourcesSampleDxe that show example usages of VFR constructs. Storing configuration information in nonvolatile storage

A UEFI Driver should store its configurable information in nonvolatile storage (NVRAM). This configuration information should be stored with the device so the configuration information travels with the device if it is moved between platforms.
The exact method for retrieving and storing configuration information on a device is device specific. Typically, drivers use the services of a bus I/O protocol to access the resources of a device to retrieve and store configuration information. For example, if a PCI controller has a flash device attached to it, the management of that flash device may be exposed through I/O or memory-mapped I/O registers described in the BARs associated with the PCI device. A PCI device driver can use the Io.Read(), Io.Write(), Mem.Read(), or Mem.Write() services of the PCI I/O Protocol to access the flash contents to retrieve and store configuration settings. Devices that are integrated onto the motherboard or are part of a FRU may use the UEFI variable Services such as GetVariable() and SetVariable() to store configuration information.